How do I print the size of int in C?

The sizeof function returns a size_t type. Try using %zu as the conversion specifier instead of %d.

printf("The size of integer is %zu\n", sizeof(n));

To clarify, use %zu if your compiler supports C99; otherwise, or if you want maximum portability, the best way to print a size_t value is to convert it
to unsigned long and use %lu.

printf("The size of integer is %lu\n", (unsigned long)sizeof(n));

The reason for this is that the size_t is guaranteed by the standard to be an unsigned type; however the standard does not specify that it must be of any particular size, (just large enough to represent the size of any object). In fact, if unsigned long cannot represent the largest object for your environment, you might even need to use an unsigned long long cast and %llu specifier.

In C99 the z length modifier was added to provide a way to specify that the value being printed is the size of a size_t type. By using %zu you are indicating the value being printed is an unsigned value of size_t size.

This is one of those things where it seems like you shouldn’t have to think about it, but you do.

Further reading:

Leave a Comment