How do I share IntelliJ Run/Debug configurations between projects?

The best way to do this is to click the “share” checkmark next to Name field when you edit/create the configuration. You can get to this Dialog with Run > Edit Configurations.

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The share check-mark pulls the setting out of your workspace.xml and instead puts it in the directory .idea\runConfigurations. This is designed so you can share the setting with others.
You could copy this file and put it in the same location in all your idea projects.

However, in the future, you might want to consider using source control branches for app versions rather than separate projects. IntelliJ handles these very well.

UPDATE (June 2021):
IntelliJ now puts this in the .run folder as its own file, no longer in .idea/runConfigurations.

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