How to get flat clustering corresponding to color clusters in the dendrogram created by scipy

I think you’re on the right track. Let’s try this:

import scipy
import scipy.cluster.hierarchy as sch
X = scipy.randn(100, 2)     # 100 2-dimensional observations
d = sch.distance.pdist(X)   # vector of (100 choose 2) pairwise distances
ind = sch.fcluster(L, 0.5*d.max(), 'distance')


ind will give you cluster indices for each of the 100 input observations. ind depends on what method you used in linkage. Try method=single, complete, and average. Then note how ind differs.

Example:

In [59]: L = sch.linkage(d, method='complete')

In [60]: sch.fcluster(L, 0.5*d.max(), 'distance')
Out[60]:
array([5, 4, 2, 2, 5, 5, 1, 5, 5, 2, 5, 2, 5, 5, 1, 1, 5, 5, 4, 2, 5, 2, 5,
2, 5, 3, 5, 3, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 2, 2, 5, 5, 4, 1, 4, 5, 2, 1, 4,
2, 4, 2, 2, 5, 5, 5, 2, 5, 5, 3, 5, 5, 4, 5, 4, 5, 3, 5, 3, 5, 5, 5,
2, 3, 5, 5, 4, 5, 5, 2, 2, 5, 2, 2, 4, 1, 2, 1, 5, 2, 5, 5, 5, 1, 5,
4, 2, 4, 5, 2, 4, 4, 2])

In [61]: L = sch.linkage(d, method='single')

In [62]: sch.fcluster(L, 0.5*d.max(), 'distance')
Out[62]:
array([1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1])


scipy.cluster.hierarchy sure is confusing. In your link, I don’t even recognize my own code!