trouble aligning ticks for twinx axes

Aligning the tick locations of two different scales would mean to give up on the nice automatic tick locator and set the ticks to the same positions on the secondary axes as on the original one.

The idea is to establish a relation between the two axes scales using a function and set the ticks of the second axes at the positions of those of the first.

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import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib.ticker

fig, ax = plt.subplots()
# creates double-y axis
ax2 = ax.twinx()

ax.plot(range(5), [1,2,3,4,5])
ax2.plot(range(6), [13,17,14,13,16,12])

l = ax.get_ylim()
l2 = ax2.get_ylim()
f = lambda x : l2[0]+(x-l[0])/(l[1]-l[0])*(l2[1]-l2[0])
ticks = f(ax.get_yticks())

Note that this is a solution for the general case and it might result in totally unreadable labels depeding on the use case. If you happen to have more a priori information on the axes range, better solutions may be possible.

Also see this question for a case where automatic tick locations of the first axes is sacrificed for an easier setting of the secondary axes tick locations.

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