An authoritative place to look for allowed containment relations is the HTML spec. See, for example, http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/sgml/dtd.html. It specifies which elements are block elements and which are inline. For those lists, search for the section marked “HTML content models”.
For the P element, it specifies the following, which indicates that P elements are only allowed to contain inline elements.
<!ELEMENT P - O (%inline;)* -- paragraph -->
This is consistent with http://www.w3.org/TR/html401/struct/text.html#h-9.3.1, which says that the P element “cannot contain block-level elements (including P itself).”