Get a file name from a path

The task is fairly simple as the base filename is just the part of the string starting at the last delimeter for folders:

std::string base_filename = path.substr(path.find_last_of("/\\") + 1)

If the extension is to be removed as well the only thing to do is find the last . and take a substr to this point

std::string::size_type const p(base_filename.find_last_of('.'));
std::string file_without_extension = base_filename.substr(0, p);

Perhaps there should be a check to cope with files solely consisting of extensions (ie .bashrc…)

If you split this up into seperate functions you’re flexible to reuse the single tasks:

template<class T>
T base_name(T const & path, T const & delims = "/\\")
  return path.substr(path.find_last_of(delims) + 1);
template<class T>
T remove_extension(T const & filename)
  typename T::size_type const p(filename.find_last_of('.'));
  return p > 0 && p != T::npos ? filename.substr(0, p) : filename;

The code is templated to be able to use it with different std::basic_string instances (i.e. std::string & std::wstring…)

The downside of the templation is the requirement to specify the template parameter if a const char * is passed to the functions.

So you could either:

A) Use only std::string instead of templating the code

std::string base_name(std::string const & path)
  return path.substr(path.find_last_of("/\\") + 1);

B) Provide wrapping function using std::string (as intermediates which will likely be inlined / optimized away)

inline std::string string_base_name(std::string const & path)
  return base_name(path);

C) Specify the template parameter when calling with const char *.

std::string base = base_name<std::string>("some/path/file.ext");


std::string filepath = "C:\\MyDirectory\\MyFile.bat";
std::cout << remove_extension(base_name(filepath)) << std::endl;



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