How to execute another exe from a C++ program in Windows

This is a solution I found when looking for an answer previously.
It stated that you should always avoid using system() because:

  • It is resource heavy
  • It defeats security — you don’t know you it’s a valid command or does the same thing on every system, you could even start up programs you didn’t intend to start up. The danger is that when you directly execute a program, it gets the same privileges as your program — meaning that if, for example, you are running as system administrator then the malicious program you just inadvertently executed is also running as system administrator.
  • Anti virus programs hate it, your program could get flagged as a virus.

Instead CreateProcess() can be used.
Createprocess() is used to just start up an .exe and creating a new process for it. The application will run independent from the calling application.

#include <Windows.h>

void startup(LPCSTR lpApplicationName)
    // additional information

    // set the size of the structures
    ZeroMemory(&si, sizeof(si));
    si.cb = sizeof(si);
    ZeroMemory(&pi, sizeof(pi));

    // start the program up
        lpApplicationName,   // the path
        argv[1],                // Command line
        NULL,                   // Process handle not inheritable
        NULL,                   // Thread handle not inheritable
        FALSE,                  // Set handle inheritance to FALSE
        CREATE_NEW_CONSOLE,     // Opens file in a separate console
        NULL,           // Use parent's environment block
        NULL,           // Use parent's starting directory 
        &si,            // Pointer to STARTUPINFO structure
        &pi           // Pointer to PROCESS_INFORMATION structure
        // Close process and thread handles. 

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