Lookup shell variables by name, indirectly [duplicate]

From the man page of bash:


If the first character of parameter is an exclamation point, a level of
variable indirection is introduced. Bash uses the value of the variable formed from the rest of parameter as the name of the variable;
this variable is then expanded and that value is used in the rest of
the substitution, rather than the value of parameter itself. This is
known as indirect expansion.

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