Why does a virtual function get hidden?

Assuming you intended B to derive from A:

f(int) and f() are different signatures, hence different functions.

You can override a virtual function with a function that has a compatible signature, which means either an identical signature, or one in which the return type is “more specific” (this is covariance).

Otherwise, your derived class function hides the virtual function, just like any other case where a derived class declares functions with the same name as base class functions. You can put using A::f; in class B to unhide the name

Alternatively you can call it as (static_cast<A*>(b))->f();, or as b->A::f();. The difference is that if B actually does override f(), then the former calls the override, whereas the latter calls the function in A regardless.

Leave a Comment