Difference between Enum and Define Statements

enum defines a syntactical element.

#define is a pre-preprocessor directive, executed before the compiler sees the code, and therefore is not a language element of C itself.

Generally enums are preferred as they are type-safe and more easily discoverable. Defines are harder to locate and can have complex behavior, for example one piece of code can redefine a #define made by another. This can be hard to track down.

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